There are numerous surgical procedures available for correcting or adjusting your eye’s focusing ability by reshaping the cornea, the clear round dome at the front of your eye. The most widely performed types of refractive surgeries are LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Both options utilize a precise laser technology to reshape the cornea.
Since the 1970’s, eye surgery for patients with focusing problems has significantly improved. Surgeons have been performing laser vision correction procedures for over two decades, and it is the most common elective vision procedure in the United States.
Whether you have nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia or astigmatism, it is likely that you would qualify for refractive surgery. However, there are some conditions that may exclude patients.
During a complimentary consultation, your physician will determine if you are a good candidate and which procedure is right for you.
For years, LASIK was performed identically in both eyes for patients with similar prescriptions. This conventional LASIK method worked well but failed to account for subtle differences between the eyes. This, in combination with irregularities that can arise when cutting the corneal flap with a microkeratome blade, led to occasional side effects, such as vision problems in low light and other visually challenging situations.
Clear Lens Extraction
Clear lens extraction is another refractive surgery option for a few select patients. It involves removal of the natural lens in the patient’s eye, replacing it with a correctly focused lens to overcome nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism. Essentially, it is cataract surgery done before the patient has a clinically significant cataract. Once complete, the patient will not need cataract surgery in the future. This surgical option is available to some patients who are not LASIK or PRK candidates.