The 4 Basics Of Any Skin Care Routine« Back
Sunscreen - Daily use is required. UV light causes photo-aging (freckles, wrinkles and sallow appearance) and skin cancer. UV light penetrates clouds and wind, so get into the habit of wearing it daily. It is the most important step to protect the skin and maintain a healthy texture and tone. The earlier in life sunscreen is used, the better your skin will age.
Physical (Mineral) Sunscreen: Usual ingredients are zinc oxide, titanium dioxide and iron oxide. They form a physical barrier on your skin, causing UV light to be reflected. They work immediately on application and are not absorbed through the skin. They can (and do) leave a white appearance on the skin, especially in darker skin types and are often mixed with pigment or tinted so they blend more easily with the skin. These sunscreens are safe to use around coral reefs.
Retinoids and Retinol - Retinoids are medications that help with skin turnover, decreasing fine lines, wrinkles and improving skin tone and texture. Regular use often makes dull, sallow skin pink and vibrant and also decreases oil production. It can cause irritation, redness and peeling in some people (especially with dry or sensitive skin), but that usually improves over time. Retinols are slightly less potent and are available without a prescription.
Prescription- Tretinoin, Retin-a, Tazorac, Tazorotene
OTC: Differin OTC gel
Retinols - there are hundreds of products. I like Avene Retrinal for patients with sensitive skin and Skin Medica Retinol because it comes in different strengths and it can be increased over time for best effects. Retinol purchased at a physicians office or online store are typically more potent than brands purchased at drug or beauty stores.
Alpha-Hydroxy Acids/Glycolic Acid - The secret to smooth, clear, non-bumpy skin! It is like a mild chemical peel every day. Available in creams or washes, I love SkinMedica AHA/BHA wash and Glytone Enhance Brightening because it also helps take the red out of skin. Regular Glycolic Acid peels (every 3-6 months) will also help keep your skin smooth and bright. Start out using once daily and can increase to twice daily as your skin tolerates it.
Moisturizer - Selecting a moisturizer depends largely on your skin type and personal preference. As you age, your skin typically becomes less oily and more sensitive. I love Avene, SkinMedica and Cerave. If you do not wear foundation or make-up consider using a moisturizer with sunscreen in it. I recommend applying twice daily unless your skin is oily.
These 4 types of products are the base of any skin care regimen, Other products such as serums, Vitamin C and Hyaluronic Acid can be added as desired, but regular use of the above will keep you skin healthy, happy and bright!
Please contact us for a personal evaluation with one our amazing aestheticians or skin care specialists at any Cascade Eye and Skin Centers location!